Lubes em Foco Magazine – Issue 82

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4 ESG - a necessary, urgent and positive agenda
As I think about the structure and content of this article, the world is still experiencing a major health, economic and social crisis. The new coronavirus (Covid-19) continues to claim lives, families and histories, promoting the impoverishment of millions of people and widening social inequalities on the planet. In January 2019, before the outbreak of Covid-19 cases in the world, the World Economic Forum, in collaboration with the Harvard Global Health Institute, released a white paper in which it warned of the economic and social risks that pandemics would cause to nations in the coming years. At the time, the organization pointed out the need for efforts by the business community to manage pandemic risks. It was estimated that pandemics could cause annual financial losses of 0.7% of the world’s GDP, something around US$ 570 billion. But, in the current context, that number could be much higher. And the estimate is that the number of people in extreme poverty will reach 150 million this year.
10 Engine Oils Continue to Advance
On May 1, 2020, API officially began licensing gasoline-engine oils to ILSAC-GF-6A and ILSAC-6B and API SP engine oil performance standards. These specifications were designed to provide protection against low-speed pre-ignition (LSPI), timing chain wear protection, improved fuel economy and high temperature deposit protection for pistons and turbochargers, and more stringent sludge and varnish control. Since that time, API has licensed engine oils meeting the new ILSAC standards for companies in 35 countries around the world, including Brazil. To date, nearly 4,000 ILSAC GF-6A products and over 200 ILSAC GF-6B products have been licensed by these companies. On May 1, 2021, the ILSAC GF-5 specification officially became obsolete.
14 XI Meet the Market International Conference South America
With Sustainability as the main theme this year, the 11th International Meeting with the Market – South America provided participants with important information and guidance regarding the positioning of the lubricant industry to meet the main market requirements, linked to Environmental, Social processes and Governance (ASG or ESG in English). The event was opened by the Chief Economist of the Federation of Industries of the State of Rio de Janeiro – FIRJAN, Jonatas Goulart, presenting the Brazilian Economic Panorama. An insight into the prospects for the country’s economic recovery, its main challenges and the impacts of international measures. In a clear and didactic way, Jonathas made clear the main necessary reforms and their impacts for Brazil.
18 Probable Causes of Lubricating Oil Pressure Drop
Most mobile equipment uses a visual indicator, which can be a warning lamp or a pressure gauge mounted on the instrument panel, which will alert the driver when there is a drop in lubricating oil pressure in the lubrication circuit of 4T internal combustion engines (Otto cycle/ Diesel cycle). In general, suspicions about the drop in lubricating oil pressure in 4T internal combustion engines (Otto Cycle/Diesel Cycle) fall on the lubricating oil. There are, however, several factors of mechanical origin that can be the cause of the drop in lubricating oil pressure in the lubrication circuit and catastrophic damage or not in 4T internal combustion engines (Otto Cycle/Diesel Cycle).

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